What is a test tube baby?

Test tube baby

Test tube baby

The semen collected in a test tube first and injected into the ovum of the woman's body in order to successfully reproduce a normal human by-product is what is called a test tube method of human reproduction and the baby born out of it is called a test tube baby.

The medicinal interference into the general method of sexual intercourse in an aim to reproduce a baby is what the systematic understanding of producing a test tube baby is.

There are two methods involved in the method of making a test tube baby which is in vitro fertilization which is shortcutted as IVF and the other is IUI which is abbreviated as Intrauterine insemination.

The basic difference between the two methods In vitro fertilization and intrauterine insemination is, the fertilization takes place in the lab in the method of IVF whereas the fertilization proceeds in the woman body in the method of IUI.

If the fertilization is problematic in the male body alone, the couple could look out for the IUI method whereas if the fertilization is problematic in both the partners, they could take the help through the IVF method.

In vitro fertilization (IVF)

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a process of fertilization where an egg is combined with sperm in vitro, the so-called glass tube. The process involves monitoring and stimulating a woman's ovulatory process, removing an ovum or ova (egg or eggs) from her ovaries, and letting sperm fertilize them in a culture medium in a laboratory. 

Intrauterine insemination (IUI)

IUI processes or procedures involving the sperm that have been washed and concentrated are placed directly in the uterus around the time the ovary releases one or more eggs to be fertilized.

Who looks out for a test tube baby?

The men suffering from various sexual and reproductive problems would look for the help of reproduction in the name of a test tube baby through the methods of IVF and IUI.


The incapability born or developed in a reproductive system to produce offspring is called infertility. This incapability can be subject to both male and female reproductive systems.

Infertility can be or cannot be curable depending on how it is molded in a person. Curable infertility can be treated with certain medications whereas incurable fertility is left unremoved paying attention to overall body health. The person affected with incurable infertility would look for available alternatives like sperm donation or surrogacy to reproduce.

In the estimated failed fertility rate, the men are the reason for most percentage causing infertility in a couple.

Low fertility count

 If the fertilizers of the two genders, namely sperm, and ovaries, are reduced in the count, there would be a reduced probability of two fertilizers engaging one another and initiating the byproduct. This phenomenon is called a low fertility count.

A low sperm count is fewer than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen or fewer than 39 million per ejaculation, from the male side of fertility.

Premature low egg count and poor ovarian response (POR) showcase a deduction in the quantity or number of oocytes and are a cause of infertility, from the women's side of fertility.

Semen could be less dense with the presence of less number of sperm in it. Low-quality semen is a subject of a low fertility count. Low sperm semen possesses less viscosity resulting in its inability to engage connected to open the ovary eggs. The low fertility count makes the semen go faster and diluted inside the vaginal cavity that it almost becomes like urine-like fluidity, losing access to succumb to female fertilizers.

However, a low fertility count does not mean infertility but contains various lags and deficiencies. For suppose, low sperm semen cannot guarantee a healthy by-product.

Reproduction needs two people's stable fertility who are engaging in sexual intercourse in the expectation of a by-product. Anyone's low fertility count could lead to infertility.

Erectile Dysfunction

The inability of men to raise their penis in response to their sexual urge is called Erectile Dysfunction. The inability of men to maintain the erected penis standstill throughout sexual intercourse is called Erectile Dysfunction. The impotent behavior in male sexual orientation is called Erectile Dysfunction. This impotence is a subject of failure in men due to depression, seriousness, hormonal dysfunction, genetic disorders, accidents, habits, contemporary conditions, etc. which is observed more in the modern-day generation.

The erectile penis only could send semen into the vagina. The enlarged erectile penis only could make sense on either side. The penis which is unable to erect or ejaculate is subjected to one of the factors of infertility. 

Abnormal Sperm production

Sperm production Is the content of the whole male reproductive system. Due to various conditions observed internally and outwardly, few men are conditioned to abnormal sperm production. The abnormality would lead to infertility.

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