Skin colour is a physical characteristic that is determined by a variety of factors, including genetics, sun exposure, and cultural norms. People around the world have different skin colours, ranging from very light to very dark, and these differences are largely due to the amount and type of pigments in their skin.
There are different ways to classify skin colour, but one common method is to divide it into six categories based on the Fitzpatrick scale, which takes into account skin tone and how it reacts to sun exposure. Here are the six categories:
Very fair skin that burns easily and never tans. People with Type I skin typically have light-coloured eyes and blonde or red hair.
Fair skin that burns easily and tans minimally. People with Type II skin may have light-coloured eyes and blonde or light brown hair.
Light to medium skin that sometimes burns and gradually tans. People with Type III skin may have a mix of eye and hair colours.
Medium to olive skin that rarely burns and tans easily. People with Type IV skin may have dark eyes and dark hair.
Dark brown skin that very rarely burns and tans easily. People with Type V skin may have dark eyes and dark hair.
Very dark brown or black skin that never burns and always tans. People with Type VI skin typically have dark eyes and dark hair.
What is My Skin Tone?
There are different ways to categorise skin tones, but one of the most common classifications is the Fitzpatrick scale, which is based on the skin's response to UV light. The Fitzpatrick scale ranges from Type I (very fair skin that always burns and never tans) to Type VI (deeply pigmented dark brown or black skin that never burns).
Knowing your skin tone is important because it can help you choose skincare products and makeup that work well with your complexion. For example, people with darker skin tones may need products with higher levels of moisture and sun protection, while those with lighter skin tones may benefit from products with lighter textures and lower levels of SPF.
It's worth noting that skin tone can change over time due to various factors such as ageing, hormonal changes, and sun exposure. Therefore, it's important to regularly evaluate your skin tone and adjust your skincare routine accordingly.
What is Uneven Skin Tone?
Uneven skin tone refers to a condition where the colour of the skin is not consistent across the face or body. It can appear as patches of darker or lighter skin, or as an overall dull, sallow complexion. Uneven skin tone can be caused by a variety of factors, including sun damage, hormonal changes, genetics, and certain medications.
One of the most common causes of uneven skin tone is exposure to the sun's harmful UV rays. Over time, sun damage can lead to the development of dark spots or hyperpigmentation, especially on areas that are frequently exposed to the sun, such as the face, neck, and hands.
Hormonal changes, such as those that occur during pregnancy or menopause, can also contribute to uneven skin tone. These changes can trigger an increase in melanin production, leading to the development of dark spots or patches of uneven colour.
What is Undertone Skin?
Undertone refers to the subtle hue that lies beneath the surface of a person's skin. It is different from the overtone or surface colour of the skin that we can see. Undertone can be classified as warm, cool, or neutral, and it is an important factor to consider when selecting makeup or clothing colours that complement a person's complexion.
Determining your undertone can be a bit tricky, as it is not always obvious. One way to determine your undertone is to look at the veins on the inside of your wrist. If they appear blue or purple, you likely have a cool undertone, while green veins indicate a warm undertone. If you can't tell if your veins are blue or green, you may have a neutral undertone.
How to know your Skin Tone?
Determining your skin tone can help you choose makeup shades, clothing colours, and skincare products that work well with your complexion. Here are some ways to determine your skin tone:
Look at your veins:
Check the veins on the inside of your wrist. If they appear blue or purple, you likely have a cool undertone. If they appear green, you likely have a warm undertone. If you can't tell if your veins are blue or green, you may have a neutral undertone.
Consider your natural hair and eye colour:
People with warm undertones tend to have hair and eye colours that are warm and golden, such as brown, amber, or hazel. People with cool undertones tend to have hair and eye colours that are cool and ashy, such as blonde, black, or blue.
Look at how your skin reacts to the sun:
If you tend to burn easily and never tan, you likely have a cool undertone. If you tan easily and rarely burn, you likely have a warm undertone. Those with a neutral undertone tend to tan without burning or may experience both at different times.
Try on different jewellery:
People with cool undertones tend to look best in silver or platinum jewellery, while those with warm undertones tend to look best in gold or rose gold jewellery. If both metals look good on you, you may have a neutral undertone.
Look at the colours that complement your skin:
People with warm undertones tend to look best in earthy or warm colours, while those with cool undertones tend to look best in cooler, jewel-toned colours. If you look good in both warm and cool colours, you may have a neutral undertone.
Skin tone is the overall colour of a person's skin, while undertone is the subtle hue beneath the surface. Undertone can be warm, cool, or neutral, and can be determined by looking at veins, natural hair and eye colour, and sun reactions. Knowing your undertone can help you choose makeup, clothing, and skincare products that complement your complexion
Q: What is Indian skin tone?
A: Indian skin tone refers to the range of skin colours found among people from India, which can vary from light to dark.
Q: Is Indian skin warm or cool?
A: Indian skin can have warm, cool, or neutral undertones, depending on the individual.
Q: Does skin tone change?
A: Skin tone can change over time due to factors such as sun exposure, ageing, and hormonal changes. However, changes are usually gradual and may not be noticeable for some time.
How to Identify Your Skin’s Undertones and What This Means for You, By Kristeen Cherney, on February 15, 2023
17 Remedies for More Even Skin, By Ana Gotter, on April 14, 2023
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