What does estrogen do to females?



Estrogen is also called Oestrogen. It is one of the mandatory sex hormones responsible for the development and regulation of the female reproductive system and secondary sex characteristics. 

There are three major endogenous estrogens that have an estrogenic hormonal activity which are estrone, estradiol, and estriol. 

Estradiol, an estrane, is the most potent and prevalent. Estrogen which is also called estetrol is produced only during pregnancy.

A woman's menstrual cycle causes hormone fluctuations in estrogen and progesterone. These two hormones are the major main hormonal reason for various changes in the body.

What does estrogen do to women?

Enlarged breasts

The possession of estrogen levels could lead to enlarged breasts. Oestrogen is typically a female hormone.

Breast tenderness

Estrogen is also known to increase breast tenderness, too. Breast tenderness is nothing but a form of breast pain that could be undermining serious damage to the body. Breast tenderness could mean tightness or sharp pain in one or both breasts.

Fibrocystic breast disease

Estrogen could also result in fibrocystic breast disease which means non-cancerous changes that give a breast a lumpy or ropelike texture. Most fibrocystic breast changes are normal as a general menstrual cycle could result in the production of estrogen that could show up. l as fibrocystic breast or breast tenderness-like disorders. However, if the show persists for a longer time, it is better to look out for a doctor.

Water retention or fluid retention

Excess production of estrogen hormone is known to result in water retention in women. Water retention or fluid retention occurs when excess fluid makes up within the body. Water retention occurs when there is a problem with one or more of the body's mechanisms for maintaining fluid levels. Eating large amounts of salt, sitting or standing for prolonged periods or medication side effects could result in water retention.

Vaginal lubrication

Having higher levels of estrogen in the body promotes vaginal lubrication and increases sexual desire. Estrogen levels rise before and during ovulation, causing an increase in sex drive. The absence or low presence of estrogen in the female body demotivates her to sexual activity. 

To bring back sex drive to the body, one has to take various supplements to increase the essentials in the body. For such, estrogen is available in many forms, including pills, patches, sprays, and gels.

Increase sweat flow

Low estrogen levels will increase sweat flow in the body. The excess sweat flow would affect the hair follicles settled over the skin, namely the facial hair, the beard. The excess sweat released would dry itself beneath the hair causing various infections.


The breakthrough bleeding which is also known to be called spotting is basically due to the uprise in the hormonal content of estrogen.

Worsening PMS

PMS is abbreviated to the premenstrual cycle and has a greater chance of occurring with a high amount of estrogen hormone presence. Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a group of changes that happen before a woman's monthly period. PMS can cause irritability, depression, mood swings, cramping, bloating, migraines, acne, and more.


Higher doses of estrogen could cause dysmenorrhoea. Dysmenorrhoea is another name for menstrual cramps. As the menstrual cycle asks for strong pain tolerance, the nerves are generally composed of cramps. However, dysmenorrhoea, cramps, and pelvic pain with menstruation, with common causes such as heavy flow, passing clots, uterine fibroids, or endometriosis would occur.


Estrogen dominance can result in a typical syndrome called fibroids which are also known as a uterine myoma. It is non-cancerous growths in the uterus that can develop during a woman's childbearing years. Symptoms include heavy menstrual bleeding, prolonged periods, and pelvic pain. 

Estrogen dominance is linked to processed meats and red meat consumption

​​Studies have shown that consuming high levels of processed meats and red meat can be linked to an increase in circulating estrogen levels. As a factor, red meat consumption is also linked to breast cancer. In fact, one study even showed that a serving a day of red meat intake during adolescence was linked to a 13 percent higher risk of developing breast cancer in one’s lifetime.⠀

Estrogen-mimicking chemicals almost always play a role

Estrogen is produced naturally in the body, but there are chemicals found in our environment that are a lot like estrogen, too. Some of these chemicals, called xenoestrogens, are found in everyday products, anything from makeup and sunblock to cleaning products, furniture, and pesticides used on vegetables. These chemicals can overload the body and contribute to the overall estrogen burden.

Take Away 

Estrogen is a basic female characteristic hormone that must be possessed in order to showcase a woman's nature and behavior. It is only a problem when the hormone becomes low or high in substance.

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