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Bleeding from penis

What Are The Causes Of Bleeding From The Penis?

Causes Of Bleeding From Penis

Blood coming out from the penis can be an alarming sign of an underlying issue especially in the absence of any externally visible injury. It could also be alarming if there is too much blood from the penis.

Reasons might be many and added medical conditions might also a contributing factor for bleeding from the penis other symptoms can help you and your physician to find out the exact cause of the problem and start correct treatment.

Some common symptoms related to bleeding from the penis

1. Bleeding in the semen: 

Blood in semen also known as hematospermia often comes with pain during ejaculation and urination. It might be due to any STD or due to inflammation.

Hematospermia for young people can be idiopathic i.e., it has no reason and short-lived. But it needs medical consultation in the case of people aged above 40, according to a study.

2. Bleeding on the penis

Blood on the shaft of the penis may be a sign of skin injury. Accidental scrapping of penis skin due to clothing, zippers, etc. But in rare situations, it could also be a symptom of penile cancer.

3. Bleeding in the urine

Blood in urine might be due to any problem in the urinary tract. Any pain in your back could be a sign of UTI ( Urinary tract infection), kidney stones, or any other urinary-related problem.

4. Bleeding from urethra

Blood from the urethra (the tube that drains urine) when not ejaculating or urinating, could be due to any injury to the urethra or the veins present in the penis.


Causes of Blood from the Penis

There can be numerous causes of blood discharge through penis. Here are a few common disorders which may cause blood from your penis.

Urinary Transact Infection (UTI)

Various infections can cause bleeding from the penis or even urine. 

Some of the common symptoms in the case of a UTI are

  • Painful urination
  • Slow and drop by drop urine discharge
  • Pain in bladder
  • Pain in the pelvic region
  • Unable to hold urine
  • Sense of incomplete bladder unloading

Treatment includes intake of antibiotics sufficient to treat UTI.

Prostate Cancer:

The serious condition develops unnoticed in the prostate, a gland under the bladder, and produces semen. The abnormal growth of cells causes prostate cancer, which is malignant and can spread to other parts of the body.

Symptoms of prostate cancer include 

  • Blood in semen or urine
  • Pain during urination
  • Painful ejaculation
  • Pain in the rectum
  • Unable to maintain an erection

Possible treatment can be surgical removal of the prostate which causes sexual dysfunction.

Bladder Cancer:

The bladder is the organ that contains urine. Abnormal cell division causes bladder cancer of 3 types, namely transitional cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and adenocarcinoma.

Common symptoms of bladder cancer include:

  • Pain while urinating
  • Unable to hold urine
  • Pain in abdomen
  • Blood in urine
  • Frequent urination
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Lower back pain

Diagnosis can be done by urinalysis, cystoscopy, biopsy, CT scan, X-rays, and intravenous pyelogram (IVP).

Possible treatments on the stage of cancer. Chemotherapy, immunotherapy, tumor removal, or even bladder removal in progressed stages.

Kidney Infection

Kidneys are the bean-shaped organs that filter waste from your blood and get rid of it. 

Kidney infection known as Pyelonephritis can cause severe infection, which initially looks like UTI. It can progress and spread to the bladder if not treated on time.

Some of the symptoms of pyelonephritis include

  • Blood in urine
  • Cloudy urine
  • Pain while urinating
  • Fever 
  • Smelly urine

Initial treatment includes using antibiotics for a week or more.

Vasectomy

The birth control surgical produce involves vas deferens, tubes in the testicles that facilitate sperm passage to semen, are cut. The surgical procedure can cause bleeding in semen, pain, and swelling. Symptoms disappear within few days of the surgery.

Exercises

Extreme workouts can sometimes be led to blood in urine but it’s a temporary condition that usually disappears within 72 hours.

Sometimes it might be due to exercise causing dehydration.

STD

Sexually transmitted diseases can also cause blood from the penis, more specifically from semen. STDs are infected during oral, vaginal, or anal sex. Common STDs include chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes, HIV etc.

STDs like chlamydia can cause discharge through the penis.

It is very important to get yourself tested frequently and consult your doctor, discuss all your doubtful sexual interactions in your recent past. Do not ignore any symptoms, if not treated on time, they can be spread to other organs and also cause infertility.

Epididymitis

Epididymitis is inflammation in the epididymis which is a tube found in the rear of the testicles. Epididymis helps in storing sperm cells and also carries sperm. It can happen in men of all age groups mostly due to bacterial infection.

Symptoms of epididymitis include:
  • Chills
  • Fever
  • Painful urination
  • Blood in semen
  • Redness and warmth in the scrotum
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the groin region
  • Pain during ejaculation
  • Abnormal discharge
  • Inability to hold urine
  • Pressure in testicles
  • Pain in testicles
  • Tenderness in testicles

Epididymitis can also infect children due to torsion of the epididymis, or UTI

Antibiotics and anti-inflammatory  are used for the treatment of epididymitis

Ice packs, lifting scrotum, etc can help in easing the pain.

Kidney Stone

Kidney stones also called renal calculi are mineral deposits forming a hard stone-like structure in the kidneys. Medical conditions, diet, and obesity might be underlying causes of kidney stones. 

Symptoms of kidney stones 

  • Pain in the side and back
  • Pain in the groin and lower abdomen
  • Inflammation during urination
  • Pink, red, or brown urine
  • Smelly urine
  • Frequent urination

Drinking lots of water helps in passing kidney stones through urine. In severe conditions, surgery or medications might be necessary.

Brachytherapy

A type of cancer treatment, brachytherapy equips a device that releases radioactive particles to destroy cancerous cells. Blood can also pass out through urine as a side effect of this therapy.

If you are going through brachytherapy, you can expect blood from urine and stool.

Orchitis

Inflammation in testicles caused by bacteria or viruses. Symptoms may be seen in a single testis but inflammation might exist in both the testicles. 

Symptoms of orchitis include

  • Pain while urinating
  • Swell in scrotum
  • Blood in semen
  • Swollen lymph nodes present in the groin region
  • Pain during ejaculation
  • Tenderness in scrotum
  • Unusual discharge

Often associated with mumps, this disease has no treatment and usually cures on its own. Pain killers, ice packs may help to ease the pain. Avoid intercourse, lifting heavy weights if infected till recovery.

Take Away 

Blood from the penis can be an alarming symptom of many reproductive or excretory disorders. Most of the cases can be treated with home remedies or medications when treated on time. Most of them are caused due to microbial infection and right antibiotics and antiviral medications can help in treating the diseases. In any case, consulting and openly discussing with your doctor is a must.