What are side effects of varicocele surgery?

Varicocele surgery


Varicoceles are the enlarged veins that show up on the scrotum down the penis. The scrotum is the sag hanging behind the penile body with testicles being entangled just near.

Varicoceles is a common disorder of the veins inside the scrotum, the protective sac that protects and holds the testicles (balls).

Varicoceles are believed to be caused by defective valves in the veins within the scrotum, just above the testicles.

Varicoceles are similar to varicose veins that occur in the legs due to the swelling of their veins.

Varicocele surgery

Surgery to repair a varicocele is what is called varicocele surgery.

Varicocele surgery is the process to remove the enlarged veins named varicoceles from the scrotum to set free the blood flow through the veins being twisted through either side of the scrotum with testicles in order to retain a proper painless semen release from the penile body.

The varicocele surgery is intended to ensure veins can no longer be connected to the rest of the body and will no longer cause pain or harm to sperm production.

Many men choose to have surgery to improve fertility.

Varicocele repair, also commonly known as varicocelectomy, is the accepted treatment of choice for chronic scrotal pain associated with a varicocele that has not responded to conservative measures.

Varicocele surgeries take not more than one day and the patient is sent home on the same day surgery takes place.

Varicocele surgeries are best practiced by putting patients on anesthesia. Otherwise, there is a hell of a lot of pain, one would not like to imagine also.

Varicocele surgeries are basically heavy and costly and the patient is put in front of surgical with insurance behind. 

There are majorly two types of varicocele surgeries namely microscopic Varicocelectomy and laparoscopic varicocelectomy.

Microscopic Varicocelectomy

Microscopic varicocele surgery is a surgery using a high-powered surgical microscope to perform the operation. This type of surgery allows for a better view of the affected area in the minute and sensitive space like the scrotum, too.

Microscopic surgery involves surgeons making a small incision to reach the vein testicle and make it away from the body inflammation so that the body blood pressure is swept away from the scrotum, at least through the affected veins.

Laparoscopic Varicocelectomy

Laparoscopic varicocelectomy is safe and effective, causing minimal discomfort and allowing patients an early return to activity.

Laparoscopic Varicocelectomy is similar to microscopic Varicocelectomy but that accesses the obstruction through one or several tiny incisions in the abdomen.

Side effects of varicocele surgery

1) Infection

The very act of tiny injection or incision is definitely prone to causing damage to the skin, flesh, muscle, and nerve texture of the scrotum. The damage prolonged for a day or two and even more untreated is what is called infection and it could be one of the side effects of varicocele surgery.

2) Pain over the vein

The scrotum itself is a very sensitive area and the veins passing through the scrotum are definitely sensitive. The use of tools and techniques from the varicocele surgery could damage the sensitivity of the veins residing in the scrotum making intolerable pain during and after surgery.

After all, varicocele surgery is possible only while the patient is in anesthesia.

3) Bleeding

The repair of varicocele is a possible act of seeing the blood open and closing it with any surgical mediums.

As the area is quite sensitive and assembled at the center of the body, any action could cut the surgical spot making a way for bleeding.

4) Bruising

Any after surgery is subjected to bruising and that's what patients and doctors take care of.

5) Nerve damage

Varicocele itself could cause a lot of damage to the nervous system connected through the scrotum and testicles. Of course, varicocele surgery is performed to treat the veins and this act of penetration would definitely make a difference to the natural existence.

6) Redness or swelling (inflammation) of the vein

The removal of veins that are subjected to excessive blood flow or no blood flow at all can subject the scrotum to other veins to get the damage, bringing redness or Inflammation to the space or area surrounding the spot that has undergone varicocele surgery.

There could be possible blood clots, changes in skin color over the treated vein.

Take Away 

As there are certain risks and side effects associated with varicocele surgeries, there are other ways to treat or control varicocele. 

Varicocele embolization

Varicocele embolization is a type of medical procedure. It diverts blood away from an enlarged vein in your scrotum. The risks of surgical repair appear to be higher than that of varicocele embolization.


It is suggested to practice a certain yoga posture to divert excess blood flow to the penile glans through the veins substituted over the testicles in the scrotum. Take the support of the wall and place the legs upwards with the waist and head touching the ground for at least 10 to 15 minutes every day.

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