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Prostate cancer

All about prostate cancer

Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer which is also called prostatic carcinoma is cancer observed in the prostate, a medium meant as a small walnut-shaped gland in males that produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm.

The main cause of prostate cancer is the changes in the DNA of a normal prostate cell. DNA is the chemical in our cells that makes up our genes, which control how our cells function.

Also, infections caused by a sexually transmitted disease could have a serious outcome as prostate cancer. STIs such as Gonorrhea, Chlamydia, human papillomavirus, Syphilis, etc are known to cause prostatitis.

Prostate cancer and prostate infection are almost all the same in the matter of signs and symptoms. There is a simple hope to get clear of prostate infection whereas prostate cancer is deeply intervened.

The genital conditions could also result in prostate cancer. The genital ulcers on general negligence could lead to severe repressions such as prostate cancer, testicular cancer, etc. Genital Ulcer Disease(GUD) is a well-known raise to prostate cancer.

Prostate Cancer: Symptoms and Signs

Prostate cancer needs a medical diagnosis to confirm if the person is prone to dangerous cancer called prostate cancer.

Prostate cancer can occur without showing any sign or symptom of its own but the severe damage is however happening in the gland that would simply showcase all the pain and panic at sudden sometime after.

There are certain signs and symptoms that can make a person doubt their prostate cancer. 

Frequent urination is called Nocturia.

Weak or interrupted urine flow or the need to strain to empty the bladder, dribbling, or hesitant urination.

The urge to urinate frequently at night.

Blood in the urine.

New onset of erectile dysfunction.

Pain or burning during urination is called dysuria which is much less common.

Blood in the urine.

Discomfort or pain when sitting, caused by an enlarged prostate

Treatment for prostate cancer

prostate cancer could be cured when detected and treated early. Most prostate cancer cases (more than 90 percent) are figured out in the early stages, making the tumors more likely to respond to treatment.

Antibiotics that treat prostate infections

There are some antibiotics that might be used to treat prostate infections are trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, doxycycline, ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, and ofloxacin. The treatment of prostate infection is only the prevention of prostate cancer.

Proton therapy for prostate cancer

Proton therapy is one of the most effective forms of treatment for prostate cancer. Proton therapy may be used as the only treatment or can be combined with hormonal therapy or after other treatments, such as surgery, to manage cancer that has recurred or is at high risk of recurrence.

Because it involves significantly less radiation exposure to normal tissues, proton therapy lowers the risk of side effects and secondary radiation-induced cancers. Proton therapy has an excellent record of success, providing long-term disease control and survival rates equivalent to other treatments, including surgery.

Chemotherapy for prostate cancer

Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to destroy cancer cells. It usually works by keeping the cancer cells from growing, dividing, and making more cells. It is an aggressive form of chemical drug therapy to kill the cancer cells that could pain the sufferer to extreme levels.

The most common chemotherapy drug for prostate cancer is docetaxel (Taxotere), which is usually given with prednisone, a steroid medicine.

The other drugs in chemotherapy treatment for prostate cancer are cabazitaxel (Jevtana), Mitoxantrone (Novantrone) · Estramustine (Emcyt).

Surgeries to treat prostate cancer

Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy, Radiosurgery, Prostatectomy, Radical retropubic prostatectomy, and Laparoscopic surgery are the various surgical treatments or procedures available to get rid of prostate cancer.

Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy

 Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to remove a patient's cancerous prostate. Laparoscopic surgery differs from traditional open surgery by making five small incisions as opposed to one large one to perform the surgery.

Prostatectomy

A prostatectomy is a surgical procedure for the partial or complete removal of the prostate.

The surgical approach to prostatectomy includes making a surgical incision and removing the prostate gland.

Radical retropubic prostatectomy

 Radical retropubic prostatectomy is a surgical procedure in which the prostate gland is removed through an incision in the abdomen. It is most often used to treat individuals who have early prostate cancer.

Laparoscopic surgery

Laparoscopy is a type of surgical procedure that allows a surgeon to access the inside of the abdomen (tummy) and pelvis without having to make large incisions in the skin. This procedure is also known as keyhole surgery or minimally invasive surgery.

Take Away 

Not just prostate cancer but any cancer is supposed to be put under intensive care besides supportive care. Mental health and strength is the most important factor in a way to come out of such dreadful diseases like cancer.