What is hypothyroidism: Causes and symptoms

What is hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism is also known as the underactive thyroid, it is a condition that occurs when the thyroid gland is not able to produce essential hormones in the body this causes a hormonal imbalance which leads to several problems in one’s body. 

Hypothyroidism may not show a lot of symptoms in the early stages but if it is left untreated it can cause a lot of problematic conditions in the future. We will be sharing some of the common symptoms of hypothyroidism, so if you notice any of them then please do consult a doctor and get your thyroid tested as soon as possible. 

Symptoms of hyperthyroidism 

The signs and symptoms of thyroid differ from person to person and from their severity. So, it is possible that two people with thyroid may show very different symptoms. Here are some of the common symptoms of thyroid. 

  • Fatigue
  • Increased sensitivity to cold
  • Constipation
  • Dry skin
  • Weight gain
  • Puffy face
  • Muscle weakness
  • Elevated blood cholesterol level
  • Thinning hair
  • Slowed heart rate
  • Weight gain
  • Weight loss
  • Depression
  • Impaired memory
  • Enlarged thyroid gland 

The above-mentioned symptoms are the general symptoms of the thyroid, if you are constantly facing a mix of these symptoms then do not take this lightly and visit your doctor. Precaution is always better than cure. If you know what condition you have then you can make changes in your life to rectify them. 

Causes of hyperthyroidism

As we mentioned earlier the thyroid happens when the thyroid gland is unable to produce enough hormones for the body, the deficiency can cause an unbalance and can show the symptoms. Here are some of the common causes of hyperthyroidism.

  • Autoimmune disease: autoimmune diseases are those that make your immune system produce antibodies to attack its own tissue. A lot of times these autoimmune diseases involve the thyroid gland which can cause inflation. 
  • Thyroid surgery: thyroid surgery can also slow down or halt the production of hormones, in which case you will have to be stuck on your thyroid hormones for life.
  • Radiation therapy: radiation therapy used to treat cancer can also affect the thyroid gland which leads to hyperthyroidism.
  • Congenital disease: some kids might be born with a defective thyroid gland or no gland at all, it can be an inherited disorder. 
  • Medication: a lot of medication can also affect the thyroid gland, some common medications that contain lithium can cause a disbalance in the hormone secretion.

These are some of the common causes of hyperthyroidism, make sure you are healthy and safe and if you notice any changes in your life that are unsettling then please visit a doctor as soon as possible and get yourself checked.  

That is not all the two major things that people face during Hypothyroidism are excessive weight gain and hair fall. So, now let us get to know how hypothyroidism affects weight gain and hair fall. 

Hypothyroidism and weight gain 

If you have thyroid there is a higher chance that you will have excessive weight gain, which you will not even realize how happened. Thyroid and weight gain go hand in hand while we can not treat thyroid completely we can manage our diet and try to eat healthily and workout religiously. 

The hormones present in our thyroid gland helps in keeping our metabolism high which means our body can convert the food consumed into energy. But with fewer thyroid hormones in the body, our metabolism slows down, making it impossible to reduce the weight until we actually put in the extra effort. That is why a lot of people are unable to lose weight and burn the extra calories that they consume. 

The severe your hyperthyroidism is, the worse your weight gain will be so make sure that you are taking your medicines on time to avoid this condition. Thyroid medicines should always be taken after consulting your specialist, with the right medication, diet, and exercise you can tackle your weight gain due to thyroid. 

Hypothyroidism and hair fall 

In both Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism types of the thyroid, people can begin to face hair fall, dry hair, or thinning of hair. It is common to face hair fall in the thyroid but it certainly needs to be treated and should not be overlooked.

Hair fall in the thyroid occurs due to the disbalance in hormones, T3 and T4 are essential hormones for our body and a disbalance in these two can affect the scalp and weaken the roots resulting in thinning of Hair and slow regrowth.

Alopecia which is an autoimmune condition can be seen at its peak with the thyroid. It can cause patches of hair loss on the scalp, it can also cause baldness over time if not treated with proper care.

Studies have shown that certain medicines that are taken to ease out thyroid also affect hair fall in some people as they are strong and may or may not suit everyone.

Take Away 

Hypothyroidism is a serious issue that needs utmost attention, if you feel any of the above-mentioned symptoms then you must get yourself tested for thyroid. We always say that prevention is better than cure, if you do have hypothyroidism then make sure you take extra care of your hair and health and keep everything in order. Do not forget to take your medicines on time.