Side effects of abortion


The typical definition of abortion is the expulsion from the womb of a fetus or embryo before it is fully developed, with loss of the fetus; either naturally as a spontaneous abortion (now usually called a miscarriage) or deliberately as an induced abortion.

The word abort means an early termination of a mission, action, or procedure.

In simple terms, the early termination of pregnancy without a successful by-product being obtained due to either biological or psychological factors is what is called abortion.

Why does a woman go for an abortion?

A woman can go for an abortion on her will even though there are certain restrictions being put on the legality of the nation and the globe.

In the previous times, abortions were a lot more on gender discrimination. A couple would look for a boy but when the result is a girl, they opted for abortion and tried for the next time. This discrimination has become a major obstacle to bringing out women on earth. This is the same reason that has put less number of women on earth till date.

During the sequences and consequences, absorption of gender discrimination has been statemented as a criminal act.

Even though there were a smaller number of couples that opted for absorption for getting a boy, even it is noted to be a crime.

Abortion on gender discrimination is a crime as same as murder.

The other reason for abortion is unwanted pregnancy. Few people would indulge in sexual intercourse or illegal marital affairs that have resulted in pregnancy and become a major problem in their life. These couples would go for an immediate abortion.

The major reason for abortion is the physical incapability of the woman either in her body strength or her reproductive system. These abortions take place even after the development of the fetus for six to seven months.

Types of abortion

There are majorly two types of abortions available in the medicinal market. They are medicinal abortion and surgical abortion. Medicinal abortion involves contraceptive pills and surgical abortion involves physical cuts to the body in the most probable access.

Side effects of surgical abortion

The most seen side effects after abortion are abdominal cramps, light vaginal bleeding, nausea and vomiting, sore breasts, fatigue, etc.

The psychological side effects of abortion are depression, anxiety, nervous weakness, low libido, sexual discontentment, etc.

Side effects of medicinal abortion using contraceptive pills

Breakthrough bleeding

The most common side effect of contraceptive pills is breakthrough bleeding. Breakthrough bleeding refers to vaginal bleeding or spotting that occurs between menstrual periods or while pregnant.

The breakthrough bleeding which is also known to be called spotting is basically due to the uprise in the hormonal content of estrogen and progesterone that are induced into the body through contraceptive pills.


The other name for no menses is amenorrhea. No menses means missing monthly menstrual periods.

The contraceptive pill prevents the female body from making hormones involved in ovulation and menstruation, and the condition is generally called post-pill amenorrhea.

There are women who do not like sexual intercourse with condoms being coated on the penile body, and thus they would prefer completely depending on contraceptive pills.

The pregnancy is not guaranteed every time unprotected intercourse is applied. However, the pregnancy occurrence is stopped using contraceptive pills.

The systematic or habitual use of contraceptive pills every time the body is subjected to pregnancy would artificialize the body to other conditions that could possibly affect the menstrual cycle from not occurring to time misplacing.

Such a body is supposed to stop using contraceptive pills to get back to normal conditions in menstrual periods.

Fertility Disorders

There are rare but serious chances for contraceptive pills to impact the fertility capabilities of a person. Thus, most couples go with safe sex earlier than using contraceptive pills later on to unprotected sex.


Pregnancy is basically a god's gift. One cannot guarantee pregnancy every time one has sexual intercourse.

There are women who objected to pregnancy one time or the other time with contraceptive pills and waited several other times to get the pregnancy.

The hormonal imbalance generated through the use of contraceptive pills may imbalance the fertility rate in the body.

Cardiovascular disease

The hormonal and chemical content that would get induced into the body through the digestive system first and blood vessels next could change the blood pressure that would stream onto the heart causing various cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack, stroke, and blood clots.

Psychological problems

There are certain side effects with contraceptive pills that would fear a woman from taking them. This fear would be greater high to a woman who is regularly dependent on contraceptive pills.

The side effects like fertility disorders or menstrual disorders would fear them more mentally than whether they would really come effect physically.

Nausea and vomiting

Contraceptive pills are strong drugs that can feel heavy dosage on the body. Few people may feel nausea and extreme vomit sensation after consuming pills.

The doctors suggest taking pills with proper diet and care. If nausea and vomiting are experienced repeatedly even alongside proper diet and care, it is better to either quit using or go meet a healthcare professional immediately.


Hormone-based birth control methods could increase the risk of different cancers.

The contraceptive pills are complete hormone-based birth control pills that could lead to certain cancers namely breast cancer, cervical cancer, ovarian and endometrial cancer, and colorectal cancer.