8 Side effects of contraceptive pills
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8 Side effects of contraceptive pills

Contraceptive pills


The use of a device or procedure to prevent conception(usually pregnancy) as a result of sexual activity.

The need for contraception emerges when a couple gets involved in unprotected intercourse.

The doubt of pregnancy would lead the female personality to go take a contraceptive method in order to curb the chances of getting pregnant.

Contraceptive methods

There are almost all 15 methods of contraception. Let's look into various methods of contraception.

Caps, combined pill, female condoms, male condoms, contraceptive pill, contraceptive implant, contraceptive injection, contraceptive patch, diaphragms, intrauterine device (IUD), intrauterine system (IUS), natural family planning, progestogen-only pill, and vaginal ring.

Contraceptive pills

The contraceptive pills are known to be worked out as hormonal contraception. The main contempt of contraceptive pills is to induce estrogen and progesterone hormones in the body that would divert the body from making further pregnancy developments.

The contraceptive pills are also known to be called birth control pills.

The contraceptive pills can also help with irregular, painful, or heavy periods, endometriosis, acne, and premenstrual syndrome (PMS).

According to Wikipedia statistics, contraceptive pills are used by more than 100 million women worldwide and by almost 12 million women in the United States.

Coming to Indian statistics, the count is unimaginable for the overall population it got. The count is said to be almost around 100-120 million.

Side effects of contraceptive pills

Breakthrough bleeding

The most common side effect of contraceptive pills is breakthrough bleeding. Breakthrough bleeding refers to vaginal bleeding or spotting that occurs between menstrual periods or while pregnant.

The breakthrough bleeding which is also known to be called spotting is basically due to the uprise in the hormonal content of estrogen and progesterone that are induced into the body through contraceptive pills.


The other name for no menses is amenorrhea. No menses means missing monthly menstrual periods.

The contraceptive pill prevents the female body from making hormones involved in ovulation and menstruation, and the condition is generally called post-pill amenorrhea.

There are women who do not like sexual intercourse with condoms being coated on the penile body, and thus they would prefer completely depending on contraceptive pills.

The pregnancy is not guaranteed every time unprotected intercourse is applied. However, the pregnancy occurrence is stopped using contraceptive pills.

The systematic or habitual use of contraceptive pills every time body is subjected to pregnancy would artificialize the body to other conditions that could possibly affect the menstrual cycle from not occurring to time misplacing.

Such a body is supposed to stop using contraceptive pills to get back to normal conditions in menstrual periods.

Fertility Disorders

There are rare but serious chances for contraceptive pills to impact the fertility capabilities of a person. Thus, most couples go with safe sex earlier than using contraceptive pills later on to unprotected sex.


Pregnancy is basically a god's gift. One cannot guarantee pregnancy every time one has sexual intercourse.

There are women who objected to pregnancy one time or the other time with contraceptive pills and waited several other times to get the pregnancy.

The hormonal imbalance generated through the use of contraceptive pills may imbalance the fertility rate in the body.

Cardiovascular disease

The hormonal and chemical content that would get induced into the body through the digestive system first and blood vessels next could change the blood pressure that would stream onto the heart causing various cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack, stroke, and blood clots.

Psychological problems

There are certain side effects with contraceptive pills that would fear a woman from taking them. This fear would be greater high to a woman who is regularly dependent on contraceptive pills.

The side effects like fertility disorders or menstrual disorders would fear them more mentally than whether they would really come effect physically.

Nausea and vomiting

Contraceptive pills are strong drugs that can feel heavy dosage on the body. Few people may feel nausea and extreme vomit sensation after consuming pills.

The doctors suggest taking pills with proper diet and care. If nausea and vomiting are experienced repeatedly even alongside proper diet and care, it is better to either quit using or go meet a healthcare professional immediately.


Hormone-based birth control methods could increase the risk of different cancers.

The contraceptive pills are complete hormone-based birth control pills that could lead to certain cancers namely breast cancer, cervical cancer, ovarian and endometrial cancer, and colorectal cancer. 

Take Away 

There are also other notable side effects associated with the usage of contraceptive pills such as severe abdominal pain, chest pain, shortness of breath, or both severe headaches, eye problems, such as blurred vision or a loss of vision, swelling or aching in the legs and thighs, mood changes, migraine headaches, decreased libido, breast tenderness, etc.